Aluminum Evaporation

Thermally evaporating aluminum can prove challenging due to incompatibilities with the materials that commonly comprise deposition boats/crucibles. During the initial melt of aluminum, the surface tension of the liquid metal will cause it to wet the ceramic walls and ‘wick’ up the crucible. After deposition – as the molten aluminum cools – the lower surface tension of the solid metal causes it to recede, stressing the walls of the crucible and often causing it to crack. One common method of preventing crucible cracking is to empty the source of all molten aluminum by evaporating it dry after each deposition; however, this requires a vent and material loading cycle after each aluminum layer, which is not suitable for load-lock or cluster integrated systems.

For standalone systems without a load lock, Angstrom has developed a proprietary evaporation source capable of dozens of aluminum depositions without degradation of the source or film performance.


For cluster or load lock integrated systems, Angstrom has developed a solution using an automated material dispensing system. To learn more about our aluminum evaporation solutions, or to see a demonstration, please contact us.


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From the time it was delivered, this laboratory system has performed nearly flawlessly, arguably extending our capabilities well beyond those currently attainable by any organic thin film laboratory in the world. I attribute the success of this entire system to the excellence of the engineering as well as the cooperative nature of the Angstrom team in taking our best designs and making them better during the system construction process.

Dr. Stephen Forrest –
University of Michigan